Inadequate Treatment and Restraint of Person with Schizophrenia a Violation of Prohibition on Torture

Kucheruk v Ukraine [2007] ECHR Application No 2570/04 (6 September 2007)

The applicant, a man with chronic schizophrenia, was convicted of theft and hooliganism.  The Ukraine Court suspended the criminal proceedings against him committing him first for psychiatric treatment.  He was subsequently detained in the medical wing of a pre-trial detention centre for a month before being transferred to a specialised facility.  While detained, he was subjected to the practices of restraint and seclusion.

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The State Must Facilitate and Enable Freedom of Peaceful Assembly

Bukta v Hungary [2007] ECHR Application No 25691/04 (17 July 2007) Makhmudov v Russia [2007] ECHR Application No 35082/04 (26 July 2007)

The European Court of Human Rights has considered two cases in which it held that the relevant State party had interfered with the right to freedom of peaceful assembly in art 11 of the European Convention of Human Rights.  That right is protected by s 16(1) of the Victorian Charter.  In both cases, domestic law required that the authorities be informed in advance of any planned public assembly.

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Complaints of Ill-Treatment in Custody Must be Promptly Investigated and Plausibly Explained

Yilmaz v Turkey [2007] ECHR 17721/02 (5 June 2007)

The European Court of Human Rights has held that serious allegations of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment must be the subject of expeditious, effective and independent investigation. It has further held that evidence of ill-treatment, particularly of persons in custody, will give rise to a rebuttable presumption that the ill-treatment occurred and shift the burden to the state to provide a ‘plausible explanation’ as to the injuries.

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