European Court of Human Rights finds Lithuania and Romania committed human rights violations due to involvement in the CIA’s rendition program

Abu Zubaydah v Lithuania (European Court of Human Rights, Application No. 4654/11, 31 May 2018)  

Al Nashiri v Romania (European Court of Human Rights, Application No. 33234/12, 31 May 2018)

The Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (Court) held, in two separate decisions, that Lithuania and Romania both committed violations of the European Convention on Human Rights (Convention) due to their compliancy in the United States Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA) rendition program.

The applicants in both cases were suspected of involvement in carrying out terrorist attacks and were detained by the CIA. It was alleged that Lithuania and Romania, respectively, had allowed the CIA to transport the applicants into their jurisdiction, where they had been subjected to torture and arbitrary detention by the CIA.

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Inadequate Treatment and Restraint of Person with Schizophrenia a Violation of Prohibition on Torture

Kucheruk v Ukraine [2007] ECHR Application No 2570/04 (6 September 2007)

The applicant, a man with chronic schizophrenia, was convicted of theft and hooliganism.  The Ukraine Court suspended the criminal proceedings against him committing him first for psychiatric treatment.  He was subsequently detained in the medical wing of a pre-trial detention centre for a month before being transferred to a specialised facility.  While detained, he was subjected to the practices of restraint and seclusion.

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Strip Searching may Constitute Torture or other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Frerot v France [2007] ECHR Application No 70204/01 (12 June 2007)

In a judgment handed down on 12 June 2007, the European Court of Human Rights held that particular strip searches conducted on the applicant violated the prohibition on degrading treatment in art 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (‘ECHR’).  Further, certain restrictions placed on the applicant’s correspondence violated the right to privacy protected by art 8 of the ECHR.

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